Summer safety tips for parents and caregivers - Dallas News | myFOXdfw.com

Summer safety tips for parents and caregivers

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(Credit: StarNewsOnline.org) | Kids gathered at the Kohl’s Cares for Kids summer safety event Friday, June 10, in the Kohl’s parking lot on Eastwood Road. (Credit: StarNewsOnline.org) | Kids gathered at the Kohl’s Cares for Kids summer safety event Friday, June 10, in the Kohl’s parking lot on Eastwood Road.

Water Safety:

Too often, firefighters hear people say, "it was just a few seconds." Unfortunately, just a few seconds is all it takes for a child to drown. Most children drown in their own backyard swimming pool, however, an alarming number of children drown in buckets, bathtubs, toilets, dog water bowls, canals and ponds.

Small children are top-heavy, and they don't have the upper body strength to lift themselves out of one of these dangerous situations. Even if the child survives the incident, they are often left with permanent brain damage. Drowning and near drowning can be prevented. Anyone involved with the supervision of children need to be aware of the dangers associated with any body of water. Below are some useful tips to prevent these needless tragedies.

Safety around the pool:

  • Know where your children are at all times
  • Use an approved barrier to separate the pool from the house
  • Never allow children to be alone near a pool or any water source
  • Make sure that pool drain covers are locked in place
  • Pool side lights can be dangerous – install a shut-off safety feature
  • Have life-saving devices near the pool, such as a pole/hook, or flotation device
  • Keep large objects such as tables, chairs, toys, and ladders away from pool fences
  • Post the 9-1-1 number on the phone
  • Do not allow children to play around the pool and store all toys outside the pool area
  • If you leave the pool area, take the children with you
  • Always have a "designated child watcher"
  • Learn to swim
  • Never swim alone, or while under the influence of alcohol or medications
  • Never swim when thunder or lightning is present
  • Never dive into unfamiliar or shallow bodies of water

Practice water safety while on vacation:

Whether vacationing on a beach in San Diego, staying at a hotel with a pool, visiting relatives or friends who own pools, taking a tubing trip down a river or boating on a lake… water safety must be practiced wherever water is present. Below are some simple water safety tips to follow when planning a family vacation.

  • Enforce the same safety rules you use at home. Take time to explain the importance of following these same rules to your children.
  • Never allow children to swim unsupervised in a hotel/motel pool: Never assume someone else is watching your child.
  • Check out the pool before you swim: Is the water clean and clear? Where is the deep end? Is there a lifeguard on duty? Where is the rescue equipment, and how is it used? Where is the phone, and can you dial out directly?
  • When staying at a relative or friend's home, look for possible water hazards (pools, ponds, buckets, bathtubs, toilets, dog bowls, etc.).
  • When boating, wear a Coast Guard approved life jacket: When planning boating events, make sure to pack a life jacket for each person. Children are required to wear a life jacket at all times in a boat in many states. Bring along other items that float such as cooler, cushions, etc.
  • Know what is in and under an open water area: Find out about hazards such as marine life, parasites, currents, drop-offs, very cold water, or submerged objects. Enter all unfamiliar water feet first.
  • If the water is shared by boats, BE VISIBLE: Have your child wear a bright colored swim cap, stay close to shore, and actively watch for boats.
  • Know what to do if your child falls in the river: Go downstream immediately to position yourself to help.

Bathtub safety:

Nationally, about 80 children die annually from bathtub drowning. Below are some tips for keeping children safe and happy in the tub.

Supervision:

  • NEVER leave a child unattended in the bathtub for ANY REASON. There is nothing important enough to risk drowning! Children can drown in just a few inches of water, and can easily topple into the tub while you're dashing out to answer the phone, get a towel, etc.
  • Don't run to answer the phone.
  • Don't check to see who's at the door.
  • Don't leave your child to be watched by an older brother or sister.

Make no exception to these rules:

  • Bath seats. Several types of bath seats and rings adhere to the bottom of the tub with suction cups and offer bathing infants and toddlers support while sitting. Don't think that you can leave your child unattended. The suction cups can come loose, and it isn't hard for a child to slide out of the seats.
  • Get supplies first. Collect soap, towel, diaper, clothing, toys, and any other items you plan on using before you even run the bath water. Place these items where you can reach them easily.
  • Water heater. To reduce the risk of scalding, set your home's water heater to a maximum of 120 degrees Fahrenheit. A good test: You should be able to hold your hand comfortably under the tap even when the hot water alone is running.
  • Faucet covers. Placing a soft, insulated cover over the bathtub faucet is a prudent safeguard against accidental burns or bumps. They are available at many baby-supplies stores.
  • Slips and Falls. Prevent bathtub slips and falls by placing a rubber mat in the tub or affixing non-slip adhesive decals or strips to the bottom of the tub.
  • Electrical hazards. Keep electrical devices (including hair dryers, curling irons, and electric razors) well away from the tub.
  • Slippery floors. Be sure to use (and teach your child to use) extra caution and keep a non-slip bathroom rug by the side of the tub for your child to step onto after bathing.

Bucket safety:

Buckets filled with water or other liquids, especially the large five-gallon size, present a drowning hazard to small children.  Nationally, about 25 children drown every year in buckets, and many more are hospitalized. Many of the containers involved in drowning incidents nationally were 5-gallon buckets containing liquids. Most were used for mopping floors or other household chores. Many were less than half full.

A young child's curiosity, along with their crawling and pulling up while learning to walk can lead to danger when buckets are used around the house. Curious children lean forward to play in the water. When they topple into the bucket, they are unable to free themselves and drown. The 5-gallon bucket is particularly dangerous because its heavier weight makes it more stable than a smaller bucket, and unlikely to tip over when a child uses it to pull up. These containers are about half the height of the infants, and with several gallons of water, weigh more than children of that age.

  • Never leave any bucket of water or other liquid unattended when small children are around.
  • Even a partly filled bucket can be a drowning hazard.
  • When doing household chores, immediately empty out buckets when finished, or move them to a safe place before taking a break.

7 Steps for prevention of insect bites or poison ivy:

  1. Always keep an emergency kit for bites or stings on hand
  2. Always wear shoes, long sleeved clothing and pants when outdoors
  3. Stay away from beehives, yellow jackets burrows, and wasp or hornet nests
  4. Use mosquito repellant (not on children under 3 years old)
  5. To prevent exposure to Poison Ivy, search your yards for any poisonous plants.
  6. Try to avoid the plants. In order to do so, one must be able to recognize them. Poison ivy is common in the Midwest and eastern U.S. It may appear as a woody, ropelike vine, a shrub that grows on the ground, or a freestanding shrub. It usually has 3 leaflets per stem, but may have as many as 9. The leaves are green in summer and red in fall, with yellow or green flowers and white berries. Poison oak grows in the areas between New Jersey and Texas as a low shrub. However, along the Pacific coast it may be present in clumps up to 6 feet tall or vines up to 30 feet long. The leaves are oak like, in clusters of 3, with yellow berries. Poison sumac thrives in boggy areas, such as the Southeast. It can be a rangy shrub up to 15 feet tall, with 7–13 smooth-edged leaflets and pale yellow or cream-colored berries.
  7. If you choose to use a poison Ivy blocker, the lotion's directions must be followed carefully and accurately. The lotion must be applied at least 15 minutes bore going outside.

Treatment to bites/poison ivy:

  1. Honey bees leave the stinger in the skin. Remove the stinger by scraping the skin without squeezing or pinching it
  2. Wash the area with warm soapy water
  3. Apply calamine lotion or paste of baking soda and water to relieve itching
  4. If you or your child feel the onset of poison ivy wash your hands immediately and wash the infected area with rubbing alcohol within minutes
  5. See your doctor if your child has multiple stings or has difficulty swallowing or breathing. Also see your doctor if the child experiences dizziness, fainting, severe hives, rapid swelling of the area, fast heart rate, stinger can not be removed or the bite/sting becomes infected.

Learn how advocacy, prevention and treatment programs can help your family by calling (313) 745-2262.

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